Nákladní vagón s otevřenými zásuvnými okny modelové železnice v měřítku HO pro železniční modeláře ve modelářské kvalitě na přepravu sypkých hmot - Rivarossi Ferrovie dello Stato #HR6457 HO Gs (carro F) 2-Axle Open Shutters Closed Wagon.

FS, 2-unit pack 2-axle closed wagons type Gs (carro F) in brown livery, with open shutters, period IV-V.

Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane S.p.A. (previously Ferrovie dello Stato), (English: Italian State Railways) is a state-owned holding company that manages infrastructure and services on the Italian rail network.

One of the subsidiaries of the company, Trenitalia, is the main rail operator in Italy, and another, TrainOSE, is a rail operator in Greece.

Ferrovie dello Stato (State Railways) was instituted by an act on 22 April 1905, taking control over the majority of the national railways, which were private until then. The president was nominated by the government. The first Director General was Riccardo Bianchi.

With the rise of Fascism, a centralization policy was carried out. The board of directors and chief administrator office were abolished at the end of 1922. The institution was administered by a commissioner, appointed by the King until April 1924. Since then, Ferrovie dello Stato was managed by the newly born Ministry of Communications (including rail transport), under Costanzo Ciano.

After the armistice on 8 September 1943, Italy was divided and train operations were separately directed too, with headquarters in Salerno for the south and Verona for the north. At the end of 1944, the Ministry of Communications was split and the new Ministry of Transport was created, including the general management of Ferrovie dello Stato, and in 1945, the company was renamed Azienda Autonoma delle Ferrovie dello Stato.

The newly born Ferrovie dello Stato underwent major structural transformations between 1986 and 1992. The workforce was reduced to half: from 216,310 employees in 1988 to 112,018 in 1999.[10] Divisions were created to rationalize the management. The company was privatized in 1992 with the creation of the new Ferrovie dello Stato SpA, a joint-stock company, following a European guideline. However, the privatization was only nominal, since shares were still owned by the Italian Government.

On 1 June 2000, the company s two main divisions, service and infrastructure, were separated and two different independent companies were created: Trenitalia, responsible for transport service, and Rete Ferroviaria Italiana, responsible for the management of the rail infrastructure. Both companies were still subsidiaries of Ferrovie dello Stato Holding SpA. In 2011 Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane bought the German Netinera.

In July 2016 Busitalia (part of Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane) purchased the Dutch company Qbuzz. In February 2017 Trenitalia bought from National Express the British Train operating company c2c. In September 2017, an agreement to buy 100% of TrainOSE (the Greek railways) for €45 million was signed.

Era I Privately owned and provincial railroads from the startup phase of railroads to about 1925.

Era II Formation of the large state railroad networks from 1925 to 1945.

Era III New organization of the European railroads and modernization of the locomotives and rolling stock from 1945 to 1970.

Era IV All locomotives and cars lettered according to standard European regulations, the so called UIC computer lettering, from 1970 to 1990.

Era V Changes in the color schemes and the origins of the high speed networks since 1990.

Era VI Introduction by the UIC since 2006 of new guidelines for lettering. Locomotives are now given a 12 digit UIC number.

PLEASE NOTE: Due to the small edition size and the great demand for this item, allocations are expected to occur.

UPOZORNĚNÍ: TITUL JE VYROBENÝ V OMEZENÉM MNOŽSTVÍ JAKO UMĚLECKÝ PŘEDMĚT. UVEDENÁ PRODEJNÍ CENA JE PLATNÁ DO VYPRODÁNÍ TUZEMSKÝCH ZÁSOB.



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